When purchasing a used forklift, many buyers be concerned about getting tied to a lemon. It’s unfamiliar territory, nearly we all know things to search for in a vehicle, but have you thought about a forklift? It’s a costly purchase that you should be reliable for years to come. This is a basic checklist you should try to find when looking for a pre-owned forklift.
Take note: This informative article covers physical inspection of used forklift for sale. For tips on selecting a forklift size and kind, please see this article.
It was once a chore, having to drive from a factory to another one (often widely spaced in several suburbs). Now needless to say we certainly have the internet to help. Most forklift sellers currently have an internet site (exactly like that one!), and having the ability to see ahead of time what sort of units are available is actually a massive way to save time. When checking websites, it’s still a good idea to ring the retailer and view there are no unlisted forklifts, often we sell forklifts just before they may be listed on the site.
When checking forklifts on a website it can be difficult to view details but you wish to look for that following:
No obvious impact damage (scrapes and scratches are ok)
Minimal or no rust
Tyres that aren’t worn-out
At your location inspection
Now you have selected a few retailers or units to consider, make and appointment and go take a look. This is why it is possible to really obtain a good glance at the used forklift involved. In case you are shopping having a low budget at heart, you should make allowances for any unit that may not meet each one of these criteria, but search for any problems and ask the salesman specifically when they can be fixed just before purchase, especially things which might turn into a safety hazard or stop the system from working.
Please understand that this can be a guide only, and depending on the age and expense of your unit, you might want to compromise. What is important is always to A:Get good good value and B:Obtain a reliable forklift
Look for new paint or paint in great condition, preferably with decals (better resale value) and warning stickers (for operator safety). Scratching and scrapes are ok, extensive rust, overspray from bad repainting and huge dints are certainly not. Check plastics (if any) for cracks or splits.
Open the bonnet and begin the engine. It will start easily and idle smoothly (it will be more noisy than the usual car). Look above and below for engine (black) oil leaks. Check starter motor fires rapidly. Rev engine hard in neutral and look tailpipe once warm for blue or black smoke. Exhaust must be minimal if LPG, and clear of excessive odour.
Raise Carriage to full height (move forklift outdoors if possible). Check lifting speed is steady and constant. Rev engine to enhance lift speed then run in idle to guarantee it continues to raise. Tilt back and forward at full extension, engine ought not stall. Shims in tilt mechanism ought not move a lot of, carriage really should not be sloppy. Drop down, movement ought to be smooth and steady, all stages should relocate turn without any jamming.
Check all visible hoses for leaks. Look within the forklift for greenish or golden hydraulic oil. Move mast to full tilt and view for leaks again while under pressure. Levers should move easily and operation ought to be smooth for all those controls. For hydraulic drive forklifts (Linde), drive back and forward, operation needs to be fast and smooth.
Drive the used forklift around inside a tight circle, backwards and forwards. Use brake, inch and accelerator to full extension, check seating position and controls are accessible.
Seat and Lights
Seat must be free from large rips and tears. Seatbelt (if part of original equipment), should be functional. Flashing light on roof should be working, other lights if fitted ought to be working but are not essential unless road use is necessary. Engaging reverse should trigger beeper or buzzer
All four tyres needs to be evenly worn, with enough usage left about them. Solid and cushion tyres ought to be totally free of major tears and damage, Solid tyres ought to have tread. Pneumatic tyres must have adequate air pressure
Diesel/Petrol: Check under tank for cracks. Examine fuel cap area for damage. Check fuel lines.
LPG: Examine tank connector for damage. Make certain seals work, no smell our sound should are derived from pipe. Check pipe for abrasions or marks. Check tank clips for damage, insert and take off tank to make sure it is held firmly.
Tynes will be able to slide on carriage, but take place securely into position when clipped in, instead of flop about. Check tynes on the used forklift for bending or excessive wear, especially in the ‘heel’ (bend) from the tynes
Battery (Electric only)
Inspect battery for missing caps or damaged leads. Any visible acid must be very small, no long-term buildup. Check water system (if installed) for leaks. Activate charger and make certain it functions, check outlet plug for damage.
Notes on buying over the web without inspection
If you live interstate from the used forklift in question or will be in a rural area, you could be forced to purchase on the internet. There may be nothing wrong with this approach, you just need to be 74dexmpky careful. When emailing a supplier, ask for extensive details and loads of photos, especially close ups of the motor and mast/carriage. When possible show them to some friend or relative with mechanical knowledge. Check against other suppliers for price and condition of units the same price. Ask about warranty availability, it is usually restricted for interstate purchasing but ensure the salesman understands that you anticipate reliability and good condition and so are ready to return the forklift whether it doesn’t meet your expectations.